[home]  [Publications]  [CP-El Nino]  [New CGCM]  [ENSO]  [Monsoon]  [Indian Dipole]  [PDO]  [TIW]  [Tropics-Extatropics]  [Cloud]  [Jetstream]  [Regional] [Gap Wind]

Dr. Jin-Yi Yu [CV]
Department of Earth System Science
School of Physical Sciences
University of California, Irvine

Ph.D., Atmospheric Sciences, Univ. of Washington

Mailing Address:
Department of Earth System Science
3315 Croul Hall
University of California at Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-3100
TEL: (949) 824-3878
EMAIL: jyyu@uci.edu



  • ESS 5: The Atmosphere
  • ESS 11: Climate Change and Policy
  • ESS 15: Climate Change
  • ESS 55: Earth's Atmosphere
  • ESS 101C: Earth System Change
  • ESS 124: Weather Analysis
  • ESS 200: Global Physical Climatology
  • ESS 220: Earth System Climatology
  • ESS 228: Geophys Fluid Dynamics
  • ESS 210B: Geoscience Data Analysis

SST Animations for CP and EP El Nino Events
Animations of SST anomalies are displayed and contratsed for Eastern-Pacific (EP) type and Central-Pacific (CP) type of El Nino and La Nina events. [more]

Two Types of El Nino: Central-Pacific El Nino and Eastern-Pacific El Nino
There are two types of El Nino/La Nina: an eastern-Pacific (EP) type and a central-Pacific (CP) type. The CP and EP El Nino/La Nina have different patterns, evolution, teleconnections, and generation mechanisms.... [more]

A New Global Parallel and Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere GCM
A new global, high-resolution, and parallel coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM has been developed under a joint project between UC and Los Alamos National Laboratory. ... [more]
View QuickTime or AVI animations of SST in year 8 and 9.

ENSO Simulation, Dynamics, and Prediction
The CGCM Developed by Prof. Yu is one of the models able to produce ENSO-like climate variability with reasonable frequency and amplitude. ...[more]
View the simulated ENSO cycle here.

ENSO-Monsoon Interactions
Our investigations focus on how the mutual influences of ENSO and Asian Monsoon are established and how the Indian Ocean might affect these influences. ... [more]

Indian Ocean Zonal Mode
We are able to simulate the Indian Ocean zonal mode (IOZM) in CGCM integrations with and without ENSO events in the Pacific. The generation mechanism of IOZM and its relationship with ENSO are studied. ... [more]

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)
Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is believed to contribute to the decadal changes in ENSO activity. We study PDO's generation and modulation mechanisms using CGCM simulations. ... [more]

Tropical Instability Waves (TIW)
Both CGCM simulations and satellite observations are used to study the seasonal and interannual variations of Tropical Instability Waves (TIWs) and their coupling with the atmosphere. ... [more]

Tropical-Extratropical Interactions
Evidence is presented that ENSO in the tropics can force a anomaly SST dipole off the coast of the California through surface heat flux. ... [more]

Cloud-Radiation Feedback
Impacts of high-level clouds and marine boundary layer stratus on tropical atmosphere-ocean system are demonstrated with CGCM experiments. ...[more]

Jetstream and Stormtrack Vacillation
A slow vacillation of jetstram/stormtrack location and strength is shown to be self-maintained by the interactions with the embedded baroclinic waves. ...[more]

Regional Climate Variations
We investigate the roles of oceanic influence, land-surface memory, and internal atmospheric dynamics in forcing interannual variability of North American Monsoon and the associated continental-scale precipitation mode. ...[more]

Central America Gap Wind and Eastern Pacific Warm Pool
The mechanical and thermal impacts of Central America gap winds on the annual cycle of sea surface temperature in the eastern Pacific warm pool are examined with observations and a series of regional ocean model experiments. ...[more]


  • (2024) Li, X., J.-Y. Yu, R. Ding, J. Hu, and P.-F. Tuo, 2024: Asymmetric Efficacies between Warm and Cold Pacific Meridional Modes in Inducing ENSO, Geophysical Research Letters, in press.
  • (2024) Zhu, T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2024: Distinguishing Impacts on Winter Temperatures in Northern Mid-to-High Latitude Continents during Multi-year and Single-year La Nina events: A Modeling Study, Journal of Climate, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0296.1.
  • (2024) Xiao, H.-M., H.-H. Hsu, T.-H. Lee, B.-T. Jong, J.-Y. Yu, Y.-Ch. Liang, and M.-H. Lo, 2024: The remote response in the Northern Pacific climate during winter to deforestation in the Maritime Continent, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmosphere, 129, e2023JD040372. DOI: 10.1029/2023JD040372.
  • (2024) Li, X, J.-Y. Yu, and R. Ding, 2024: El Nino-La Nina Asymmetries in the Changes of ENSO Complexities and Dynamics Since 1990, Geophysical Research Letters, 51, e2023GL106395. DOI: 10.1029/2023GL106395. [PDF]
  • (2024) Ding, R., K. Ji, J.-Y. Yu, J. Li, Z.-Z. Hu, Y.-H. Tseng, J. Shi, Y. Zhao, and C. Sun, 2024: Enhanced North Pacific Victoria mode in a warming climate, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 7, 49. DOI:10.1038/s41612-024-00599-0.
  • (2024) Li, X., R. Ding, Y.-H. Tseng, J.-Y. Yu, and X. Xu, 2024: Mutual Influences Between ENSO and Its Two Precursor Modes in the Extratropical South Pacific, Climate Dynamics, DOI:10.1007/s00382-023-07054-5.
  • (2024) Lin, Y.-F. and J.-Y. Yu, 2024: The role of Indian Ocean in controlling the formation of multi-year El Ninos through subtropical ENSO dynamics, Journal of Climate, 37, 385-401. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0297.1. [PDF]
  • (2023) Wu, C.-R., Y.-F. Lin, I.-I. Lin, and J.-Y. Yu, 2023: Unleashing the Power of the Sun: The Increasing Impact of the Solar Cycle on Off-Season Super Typhoons since the 1990s, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 6, 166. DOI: 10.1038/s41612-023-00495-z. [PDF]
  • (2023) Kim, J.-W., J.-Y. Yu, and B. Tian, 2023: Overemphasized role of preceding strong El Nino in generating multi-year La Nina events, Nature Communications, 14, 6790. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-42373-5. [PDF]
  • (2023) Lee, T.-H., J.-Y. Yu, Y.-F. Lin, M.-H. Lo, and H.-M. Xiao, 2023: The Potential Influence of Maritime Continent Deforestation on El Nino-Southern Oscillation: Insights from Idealized Modeling Experiments, Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2023GL105012, DOI: 10.1029/2023GL105012. [PDF]
  • (2023) Zhao, Y. and J.-Y. Yu, 2023: Two Marine Heat Wave (MHW) Variants under a Basin-wide MHW Conditioning Mode in the North Pacific and Their Atlantic Associations, Journal of Climate, 36, 8657-8674. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-23-0156.1. [PDF]
  • (2023) Song, W., J.-Y. Yu, and T. Lian 2023: The Efficacy of Tropical and Extratropical Predictors for Long-lead ENSO Prediction: A Study Using a Machine Learning Algorithm, International Journal of Climatology, 43, 6887-6899. DOI: 10.1002/joc.8241. [PDF]
  • (2023) Lin, Y.-F., C.-T. Terng, C.-R. Wu, and J.-Y. Yu, 2023: Seasonally-reversed trends in the subtropical Northwestern Pacific linked to asymmetric AMO influences, Scientific Reports, 13, 13735. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-40979-9. [PDF]
  • (2023) Kim, J.-W., T.-H. Chang, C.-T. Lee, and J.-Y. Yu, 2023: Evaluating ENSO's Spatiotemporal Complexity in the CWB CFS 1-Tiered Model Hindcasts, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 128, e2022JD038200. doi:10.1029/2022JD038200. [PDF]
  • (2023) Ding, R., H. Namchi, J.-Y. Yu, T. Li, C. Sun, J. Li, Y.-H. Tseng, X. Li, F. Xie, J. Feng, and X. Li, 2023: North Atlantic Oscillation controls multidecadal changes in the North Tropical Atlantic-Pacific connection, Nature Communications, 14, 862. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-36564-3
  • (2022) Hu, Hsun-Ming, Valerie Trouet, Christoph Spotl, Hsien-Chen Tsai, Wei-Yi Chien, Wen-Hui Sung, Veronique Michel, Jin-Yi Yu, Patricia Valensi, Xiuyang Jiang, Fucai Duan, Yongjin Wang, Horng-Sheng Mii, Yu-Min Chou, Mahjoor Lone, Chung-Che Wu, Elisabetta Starnini, Marta Zunino, Takaaki Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Huang-Hsiung Hsu, G.W.K. Moore, Giovanni Zanchetta, Carlos Perez-Mejias, Shih-Yu Lee, and Chuan-Chou Shen, 2022: Tracking westerly wind directions over Europe since the middle Holocene, Nature Communications, 13, 7866. doi:s41467-022-34952-9.
  • (2022) Zhu, T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2022: A shifting tripolar pattern of Antarctic sea ice concentration anomalies during multi-year La Nina events, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL101217. DOI:10.1029/2022GL101217. [PDF]
  • (2022) Kim, J.-W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2022: Single- and multi-year ENSO events controlled by pantropical climate interactions, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5, 88. doi:10.1038/s41612-022-00305-y. [PDF]
  • (2022) Ding, R., Y.-H. Tseng, E. Di Lorenzo, L. Shi, J. Li, J.-Y. Yu, C. Wang, C. Sun, J.-J. Luo, K.-J. Ha, Z.-Z. Hu, and F. Li, 2022: Multi-year El Nino events tied to the North Pacific Oscillation, Nature Communications, 13, 3871 (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-31516-9.
  • (2022) Xiao, H.-M., M.-H. Lo, and J.-Y. Yu, 2022: The Increased Frequency of Combined El Nino and Positive IOD events since 1965s and Its Impacts on Maritime Continent Hydroclimates, Scientific Reports, 12, 7532 (2022). doi:10.1038/s41598-022-11663-1. [PDF]
  • (2022) Chen, J., J.-Y. Yu, S. Chen, X. Wang, Z. Xiao, and S.-W. Fang, 2022: Tropical and Subtropical Pacific Sources of the Asymmetric El Nino-La Nina Decay and their Future Changes, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL097751. doi:10.1029/2022GL097751.
  • (2022) Chen, N., X. Fang, and J.-Y. Yu, 2022: A Multiscale Model for El Nino Complexity, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5 (6). doi:10.1038/s41612-022-00241-x. [PDF]
  • (2021) Qian, W., Y. Ai, J.-Y. Yu, J. Du, 2021: Opposite anomalous synoptic patterns for potential California large wildfire spread and extinguishing in 2018 cases, Atmospheric Research, 262, 105804, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105804.
  • (2021) Chen, M., J.-Y. Yu, X. Wang, and S. Chen, 2021: Distinct onset mechanisms of two subtypes of CP El Nino and their changes in future warming, Geophysical Research Letters. doi:10.1029/2021GL093707. [PDF]
  • (2021) Lin, I-I, R. F. Rogers, H.-C. Huang, Y.-C. Liao, D. Herndon, J.-Y. Yu, Y.-T. Chang, J. A. Zhang, C. M. Patricola, I.-F. Pun, C.-C. Lien, 2021: A Tale of Two Rapidly-Intensifying Supertyphoons: Hagibis (2019) and Haiyan (2013), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0223.1.
  • (2021) Kim, J.-W., T.-H. Chang, C.-T. Lee, and J.-Y. Yu, 2021: On the Varying Responses of East Asian Winter Monsoon to Three Types of El Nino: Observations and Model Hindcasts, Journal of Climate, 34, 4089-4101. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0784.1. [PDF]
  • (2021) Lin, Y.-F., J.-Y. Yu, C.-R. Wu, and F. Zheng, 2021: The footprint of the 11-year solar cycle in Northeastern Pacific SSTs and its influence on the Central Pacific El Nino, Geophysical Research Letters. 48, e2020GL091369. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091369. [PDF]
  • (2021) Kim, J.-W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2021: Evolution of Subtropical Pacific-Onset El Nino: How its Onset Location Controls its Decay Evolution, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091345. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091345. [PDF]
  • (2021) Mamalakis, A., J. T. Randerson, J.-Y. Yu, M. S. Pritchard, G. Magnusdottir, P. Smyth, P. A. Levine, S. Yu, and & E. Foufoula-Georgiou, 2021: Zonally contrasting shifts of the tropical rain belt in response to climate change, Nature Climate Change, 11, 143-151. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-00963-x.
  • (2021) Chen, M., T.-H. Chang, C.-T. Lee, S.-W. Fang, and J.-Y. Yu, 2021: A Study of Climate Model Responses of the Western Pacific Subtropical High to El Nino Diversity, Climate Dynamics, 56, 581-595. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-020-05500-2. [PDF]
  • (2020) Kug, J.-S., J. Vialard ,Y.-G. Ham, J.-Y. Yu, and M. Lengaigne, 2020: ENSO remote forcing: Influence of climate variability outside the tropical Pacific, Book Chapter in El Nino Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, M. J. McPhaden, A. Santoso, and W. Cai (Ed.), Geophysical Monograph 253, page 247-265. doi:10.1002/9781119548164.ch11.
  • (2020) Zhang, L.-Y., Y. Du, W. Cai, T. Tomoki, and J.-Y. Yu, 2020: Triggering the Indian Ocean Dipole from the Southern Hemisphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088648. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL088648.
  • (2020) Fang, S.-W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2020: Contrasting transition complexity between El Nino and La Nina: Observations and CMIP5/6 models, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088926. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL088926. [PDF]
  • (2020) He, S., J.-Y. Yu, S. Yang, and S.-W. Fang 2020: Why does the CP El Nino less frequently evolve into La Nina than the EP El Nino?, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087876. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL087876. [PDF]
  • (2020) Kim, J.-W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2020: Understanding Re-intensified Multi-year El Nino Events, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087933. doi:10.1029/2020GL087644. [PDF]
  • (2020) Fang, S.-W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2020: A Control of ENSO Transition Complexity by Tropical Pacific Mean SSTs through Tropical-Subtropical Interaction, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087933. doi:10.1029/2020GL087933. [PDF]
  • (2020) Yu, J.-Y., E. Campos, Y. Du, T. Eldevik, S. T. Gille, T. Losada, M. J. McPhaden, L. H. Smedsrud, 2020: Variability of the Oceans, Book Chapter in Interacting Climates of Ocean Basins, C. R. Mechoso (Ed.), Cambridge University Press, page 1-36. DOI: 10.1017/9781108610995.
  • (2020) He, S., J.-Y. Yu, S. Yang, and S.-W. Fang, 2020: ENSO's impacts on the tropical Indian and Atlantic Oceans via tropical Processes: CMIP5 simulations versus observations, Climate Dynamics, 54(11), 4627-4640. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-020-05247-w. [PDF]
  • (2020) Chen, J., J.-Y. Yu, X. Wang, L. Tao, 2020: Different influences of southeastern Indian Ocean and western Indian Ocean SST anomalies on eastern China rainfall during the decaying summer of 2015/16 extreme El Nino, Journal of Climate, 33, 5427-5443. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0777.1. [PDF]
  • (2020) Wang, J. K., J.-Y. Yu, and K. R. Johnson, 2020: Pacific and Atlantic controls of the relationship between Mainland Southeast Asian and East China interannual precipitation variability, Climate Dynamics, 54, 4279-4292. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05227-0.
  • (2020) Hu, Z.-Z., M. J. McPhaden, A. Kumar, J.-Y. Yu, and N. C. Johnson, 2020: Uncoupled El Nino Warming, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (7), e2020GL08762. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL087621.
  • (2020) Hu, Z.-Z., A. Kumar, B. Huang, J. Zhu, M. L'Heureux, M. J. McPhaden, and J.-Y. Yu, 2020: The Interdecadal Shift of ENSO Properties in 1999/2000: A Review, Journal of Climate, 33 (11), 4441-4462. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0316.1. [PDF]
  • (2019) Song, W. and J.-Y. Yu, 2019: Identifying the complex types of atmosphere-ocean interactions in El Nino, Environmental Research Letters, 14, 114030, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab4968. [PDF]
  • (2019) Wu, C.-R., Y.-F. Lin, Y.-L. Wang, N. Keenlyside, and J.-Y. Yu, 2019: An Atlantic-driven rapid circulation change in the North Pacific Ocean during the late 1990s, Scientific Reports, 9, 1-8, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-51076-1. [PDF]
  • (2019) Mamalakis, A., J.-Y. Yu, J. Randerson, A. AghaKouchak, and E. Foufoula-Georgiou, 2019: Correspondence: The New Zealand Index and its interhemispheric influence on the northwestern Pacific climate, Nature Communications, 10, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10531-3. [PDF]
  • (2019) Chen, C.-C., M.-H. Lo, E.-S. Im, J.-Y. Yu, Y.-C. Liang, W.-T. Chen, I. Tang, C.-W. Lan, R.-J. Wu, R.-Y. Chien, 2019: Thermodynamic and dynamic responses to deforestation in the Maritime Continent: A modeling study, Journal of Climate, 32, 3505-3527, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0310.1. [PDF]
  • (2019) Cai, W., L. Wu, M. Lengaigne, T. Li, S. McGregor, J. Kug, J.-Y. Yu, M. F. Stuecker, A. Santoso, X. Li, Y.-G. Ham, Y. Chikamoto1, B. Ng, M. J. McPhaden, Y. Du, D. Dommenget, F. Jia, J. B. Kajtar, N. Keenlyside, X. Lin, J.-J. Luo, M. Martin-Rey, Y. Ruprich-Robert, G. Wang, S.-P. Xie, Y. Yang, S. M. Kang, J.-Y. Choi, B. Gan, G.-I. Kim, C.-E. Kim, S. Kim, J.-H. Kim, P. Chang, 2019: Pan-tropical climate interactions, Science, 363 (6430), eaav4236, DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4236.
  • (2019) Chen, M., J.-Y. Yu, X. Wang, and W. Jiang, 2019: The changing impact mechanisms of a diverse El Nino on the Western Pacific Subtropical High, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 953-962, DOI: 10.1029/2018GL081131. [PDF]
  • (2019) Tuo, P., J.-Y. Yu, and J. Hu, 2019: The changing influences of ENSO and the Pacific Meridional Mode on mesoscale eddies in the South China Sea, Journal of Climate, 32, 685-700, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0187.1. [PDF]
  • (2019) Xu, L. and J.-Y. Yu, 2019: An ENSO-induced aerosol dipole in the west-central Pacific and its potential feedback to ENSO evolution, Climate Dynamics, 9, 5115-5125. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4435-5. [PDF]
  • (2018) Yu, J.-Y. and S.-W. Fang, 2018: The distinct contributions of the seasonal footprinting and charged-discharged mechanisms to ENSO complexity, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 6611-6618. doi:10.1029/2018GL077664. [PDF]
  • (2018) Liang, Y.-C., M. Mazloff, I. Rosso, S.-W. Fang, and J.-Y. Yu, 2018: A Multi-variate Empirical Orthogonal Function Method to Construct Nitrate Maps in the Southern Ocean, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 35, 1505-1519, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0018.1. [PDF]
  • (2018) Yang, S., Z. Li, J.-Y. Yu, X. Hu, W. Dong, and S. He, 2018: El Nino-Southern Oscillation and Its Impact in the Changing Climate, National Science Review, nwy046, DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwy046. [PDF]
  • (2018) Mamalakis, A., J.-Y. Yu, J.T. Randerson, A. AghaKouchak, and E. Foufoula-Georgiou, 2018: Beyond ENSO: A new teleconnection increases predictability of winter precipitation in southwestern US, Nature Communications, 9, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04722-7. [PDF] *the 50 most read articles (2018) in Nature Communications
  • (2018) Wang, L. and J.-Y. Yu, 2018: A Recent Shift in the Monsoon Centers associated with the Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 31, 325-340, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0349.1. [PDF]
  • (2017) Liang, Y.-C., J.-Y. Yu, E. S. Saltzman, and F. Wang, 2017: Linking the Tropical Northern Hemisphere Pattern to the Pacific Warm Blob and Atlantic Cold Blob, Journal of Climate, 30, 9041-9057,DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0149.1. [PDF]
  • (2017) Yu, J.-Y., X. Wang, S. Yang, H. Paek, and M. Chen, 2017: The Changing El Nino-Southern Oscillation and Associated Climate Extremes, Book Chapter in Climate Extremes: Patterns and Mechanisms, Wang, S.-Y., Jin-Ho Yoon, Chris Funk, and R. R. Gillies (Ed.), AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 226, Pages 3-38. DOI: 10.1002/9781119068020.ch1.
  • (2017) Zheng F., J.-Y. Yu, and J. Zhu, 2017: Contrasting the skills and biases of deterministic predictions for the two types of El Nino, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 34, 1395-1403, DOI: 10.1007/s00376-017-6324-y. [PDF]
  • (2017) Lyu, K. and J.-Y. Yu, 2017: Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: a re-evaluation based on a revised index, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, DOI: 10.1002/2017GL072681. [PDF]
  • (2017) Lyu, K., X. Zhang, J. Church, J. Hu, and J.-Y. Yu, 2017: Distinguishing the Quasi-decadal and Multi-decadal Sea Level and Climate Variations in the Pacific: Implications for the ENSO-like Low-frequency Variability, Journal of Climate, 30, 5097-5117, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0004.1. [PDF]
  • (2017) Xu, L., J.-Y. Yu, J. Schnell, and M. Prather, 2017: The Seasonality and Geographic Dependence of ENSO Impacts on US Surface Ozone Variability, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 3420-3428, DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073044. [PDF]
  • (2017) Wang, L., J.-Y. Yu, and H. Paek, 2017: Enhanced biennial variability in the Pacific due to Atlantic capacitor effect, Nature Communications, 8, 14887, doi:10.1038/ncomms14887. [PDF]
  • (2017) Paek, H., J.-Y. Yu, and C. Qian, 2017: Why were the 2015/16 and 1997/98 Extreme El Ninos different? Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 1848-1856, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071515. [PDF]*GRL's top cited paper (amongst articles published between January 2017 and December 2018)
  • (2017) Lyu, K., Yu, J.-Y.; and H. Paek, 2017: The influences of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on the Mean Strength of the North Pacific Subtropical High during Boreal Winter, Journal of Climate, 30, 411-426. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0525.1. [PDF]
  • (2016) Zheng, Fei, X.-H. Fang, J. Zhu, J.-Y. Yu, and X. Li, 2016: Modulation of Bjerknes feedback on the decadal variations in ENSO predictability, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 12,560-12,568, doi:10.1002/2016GL071636. [PDF]
  • (2016) Wang, C., C. Deser, J.-Y. Yu, P. DiNezio, and A. Clement, 2016: El Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO): A Review. In Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific: Persistence and Loss in a Dynamic Environment, P.W. Glynn, D.P. Manzello, and I.C. Enochs (eds.). Springer Netherlands, 85-106, doi:10.1007/978-94-017-7499-4_4. [PDF]
  • (2016) Chen, C., H. Lin, Yu, J.-Y.; and M.-H. Lo, 2016: The 2015 Borneo fires: what have we learned from the 1997 and 2006 El Ninos? Environmental Research Letters, 11, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/10/104003. [PDF]
  • (2016) Paek, H., J-Y Yu , F. Zheng, and M.-M. Lu, 2016: Impacts of ENSO Diversity on the Western Pacific and North Pacific Subtropical Highs during Boreal Summer, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3288-z. [PDF]
  • (2016) McCabe-Glynn, S., K. Johnson , C. Strong , Y. Zou, J-Y Yu, J. Welker, S. Sellars, 2016: Isotopic signature of extreme precipitation events in the Western US and associated phases of Arctic and tropical climate modes, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121, 8913-8924, DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025524
  • (2016) Li, A. K., H. Paek, and J.-Y. Yu, 2016: The changing influences of the AMO and PDO on the decadal variation of the Santa Ana winds, Environmental Research Letters, 11, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064019. [PDF]
  • (2016) Pani, S., S.-H. Wang , S.-C. Tsay , S. Lolli , M.-T. Chuang , C.-T. Lee , S. Chantara , J.-Y. Yu, 2016: Assessment of aerosol optical property and radiative effect for the layer decoupling cases over the northern South China Sea during the 7-SEAS/Dongsha Experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121, 4894-4906, DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024601.
  • (2016) Gao, Tao, J-Y Yu, and H. Paek, 2016: Impacts of Four Northern-Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns on Atmospheric Circulations over Eurasia and the Pacific, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI 10.1007/s00704-016-1801-2. [PDF]
  • (2016) Liang, Y-C, C-C Chou, J-Y Yu, and M-H Lo, 2016: Mapping the Locations of Asymmetric and Symmetric Discharge Responses in Global Rivers to the Two Types of El Nino, Environmental Research Letters, 11, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044012. [PDF]
  • (2015) Wey, H-W, M-H Lo, S-Y Lee, J-Y Yu, and H-H Hsu, 2015: Potential impacts of wintertime soil-moisture anomalies from agricultural irrigation at low latitudes on regional and global climates, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 8605-8614, DOI:10.1002/2015GL065883.
  • (2015) Zheng, F., W. Zhang, J.-Y. Yu, and Q.-L. Chen, 2015: A Possible Bias of Simulating the Post-2000 Changing ENSO, Science Bulletin, 60, 1850-1857. doi:10.1007/s11434-015-0912-y.
  • (2015) Yu, J.-Y., H. Paek, E. S. Saltzman, and T. Lee, 2015: The early-1990s change in ENSO-PSA-SAM relationships and its impact on Southern Hemisphere climate, Journal of Climate, 28, 9393-9408 (Special Collection on Tropical-Polar Connections), DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0335.1. [PDF]
  • (2015) Yu, B., X. Zhang, H. Lin, and J.-Y. Yu, 2015: Comparison of wintertime North American climate impacts associated with multiple ENSO indices, Atmosphere-Ocean, DOI:10.1080/07055900.2015.1079697.
  • (2015) Liang, Y-C, J-Y Yu, M-H Lo, and C. Wang, 2015: The Changing Influence of El Nino on the Great Plains Low-Level Jet, Atmospheric Science Letters, DOI: 10.1002/asl.590. [PDF]
  • (2015) Capotondi, A., A. T. Wittenberg, M. Newman, E. Di Lorenzo, J.-Y. Yu, P. Braconnot, J. Cole, B. Dewitte, B. Giese, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, K. Karnauskas, B. Kirtman, T. Lee, N. Schneider, Y. Xue, S.-W. Yeh, 2015: Understanding ENSO diversity, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 921-938, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00117.1. [PDF]
  • (2015) Paek, H., J.-Y., Yu, J.-W. Hwu, M.-M. Lu, and T. Gao, 2015: A Source of AGCM Bias in Simulating the Western Pacific Subtropical High: Different Sensitivities to the Two Types of ENSO, Monthly Weather Review, 143, 2348-2362. DOI: http:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00401.1. [PDF]
  • (2015) Yu, J-Y and H. Paek, 2015: Precursors of ENSO beyond the tropical Pacific, US CLIVAR Variations, Winter 2015 Issue, Vol. 13, No. 1, 15-20. [PDF]
  • (2015) Yu, J-Y, P-K Kao, H Paek, H-H Hsu, C-W Hung, M-M Lu, S-I An, 2015: Linking Emergence of the Central-Pacific El Nino to the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 28, 651-662, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00347.1. [PDF]
  • (2015) Lin, C.-Y., J.-Y. Yu, and H. H. Hsu, 2015: CMIP5 model simulations of the Pacific meridional mode and its connection to the two types of ENSO, International Journal of Climatology, 35, 2352-2358, DOI: 10.1002/joc.4130. [PDF]
  • (2014) Sheffield, J., A. Barrett, D. Barrie, S. J. Camargo, E. K. M. Chang, B. Colle, D. N. Fernando, R. Fu, K. L. Geil, Q. Hu, X. Jiang, N. Johnson, K. B. Karnauskas, S. T. Kim, J. Kinter, S. Kumar, B. Langenbrunner, K. Lombardo, L. N. Long, E. Maloney, A. Mariotti, J. E. Meyerson, K. C. Mo, J. D. Neelin, S. Nigam, Z. Pan, T. Ren, A. Ruiz-Barradas, R. Seager, Y. L. Serra, A. Seth, D.-Z. Sun, J. M. Thibeault, J. C. Stroeve, C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, Z. Yang, L. Yin, J.-Y. Yu, T. Zhang, and M. Zhao, 2014: Regional climate processes and projections for North America: CMIP3/CMIP5 differences, attribution and outstanding issues. NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-2, 47 pp.
  • (2014) Qian, C., J.-Y. Yu, G. Chen, 2014: Decadal Summer Drought Frequency in China: The increasing influence of the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation, Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 9, No. 12. (01 December 2014), 124004, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/12/124004. [PDF]* highlighted in EnvironmentalResearchWeb
  • (2014) Zheng, Fei, X.-H. Fang, J.-Y. Yu, and J. Zhu, 2014: Asymmetry of the Bjerknes Positive Feedback between the Two Types of El Nino, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 7651-7657, doi:10.1002/2014GL062125. [PDF]
  • (2014) Ma, T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2014: Linking Centennial Surface Warming Patterns in the Equatorial Pacific to the Relative Strengths of the Walker and Hadley Circulations, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 71, 3454-3464, DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0028.1. [PDF]
  • (2014) Qu, T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2014: ENSO Indices from Sea Surface Salinity Observed by Aquarius and Argo, Journal of Oceanography, 70, 367-375, DOI: 10.1007/s10872-014-0238-4. [PDF]
  • (2014) Ma, T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2014: Paradox in South Asian summer monsoon circulation change: Lower tropospheric strengthening and upper tropospheric weakening, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL059891. [PDF]
  • (2014) Zou, Y., J.-Y. Yu, T. Lee, M.-M. Lu, and S. T. Kim, 2014: CMIP5 Model Simulations of the Impacts of the Two Types of El Nino on US Winter Temperature, Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 3076-3092, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD021064. [PDF]
  • (2014) Liang, Y.-C., M.-H. Lo, and J.-Y. Yu, 2014: Asymmetric Responses of Land Hydroclimatology to Two Types of El Nino in the Mississippi River Basin, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 582-588, doi:10.1002/2013GL058828. [PDF]
  • (2014) Kim, S. T., W. Cai, F.-F. Jin, and J.-Y. Yu, 2014: ENSO Stability in Coupled Climate Models and its Association with Mean State, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-013-1833-6.
  • (2013) Yu, J.-Y. and B. S. Giese, 2013: ENSO diversity in observations, U.S. CLIVAR Variations, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1-5.[PDF]
  • (2013) de Linage, C., H. Kim , J. Famiglietti and ,J.-Y Yu, 2013: Impact of Pacific and Atlantic sea surface temperatures on interannual and decadal variations of GRACE land water storage in Tropical South America, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 10,811-10,829, DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50820.
  • (2013) Yu, J.-Y. and Y. Zou, 2013: The enhanced drying effect of Central-Pacific El Nino on US winter, Environmental Research Letters, 8, 014019, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014019. [PDF] *Research Highlight in NOAA MAPP Newsletter
  • (2013) Sheffield, J. and co-authors, 2013: North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of 20th Century Intra-Seasonal to Decadal Variability, Journal of Climate, 23, 9247-9290, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00593.1.[PDF]
  • (2013) A Capotondi, B Kirtman, A Wittenberg, M Newman, N Schneider, Y Xue, B Giese, P Braconnot, J Cole, B Dewitte, E Guilyardi, F-F Jin, T Lee, K Karnauskas, S-W Yeh, J-Y Yu, 2013: U.S. CLIVAR ENSO Diversity Workshop Report, U.S. CLIVAR: Climate Variability and Predictability, Report No. 2013-1, 23pp. [PDF]
  • (2013) Choi, J., S.-I. An, S.-W. Yeh, and J.-Y. Yu, 2013: ENSO-like and ENSO-induced Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability in CGCMs, Journal of Climate, 26, 1485-1501, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00118.1.
  • (2013) Yu., J.-Y. and S. T. Kim, 2013: Identifying the Types of Major El Nino Events since 1870, International Journal of Climatology, 33, 2105-2112. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3575. [PDF]
  • (2012) Yu., J.-Y., M.-M. Lu, and S. T. Kim, 2012: A change in the relationship between tropical central Pacific SST variability and the extratropical atmosphere around 1990, Environmental Research Letters, 7, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034025. [PDF]* highlighted in EnvironmentalResearchWeb
  • (2012) Yu., J.-Y., Y. Zou, S. T. Kim, and T. Lee, 2012: The Changing Impact of El Nino on US Winter Temperatures, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L15702, doi:10.1029/2012GL052483. [PDF] *Research Highlight in NOAA MAPP Newsletter
  • (2012) Kim, S. T. and J.-Y. Yu, 2012: The Two Types of ENSO in CMIP5 Models, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L11704, doi:10.1029/2012GL052006. [PDF]
  • (2012) Kim, S. T., J.-Y. Yu, A. Kumar, and H. Wang, 2012: Examination of the Two Types of ENSO in the NCEP CFS Model and Its Extratropical Associations, Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1908-1923, DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00300.1. [PDF]
  • (2012) Kim, S. T., J.-Y. Yu, and M.-M. Lu, 2012: Distinct Behaviors of Pacific and Indian Ocean Warm Pool Properties on Seasonal and Interannual Timescales, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D05128, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016557. [PDF]
  • (2011) Yu, J.-Y. and S. T. Kim, 2011: Reversed Spatial Asymmetries between El Nino and La Nina and their Linkage to Decadal ENSO Modulation in CMIP3 Models, Journal of Climate, 24, 5423-5434, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00024.1. [PDF]
  • (2011) Yu., J.-Y. and S. T. Kim, 2011: Relationships between Extratropical Sea Level Pressure Variations and the Central-Pacific and Eastern-Pacific Types of ENSO, Journal of Climate, 24, 708-720, DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3688.1. [PDF]
  • (2011) Yu., J.-Y., H.-Y. Kao, T. Lee, and S. T. Kim, 2011: Subsurface Ocean Temperature Indices for Central-Pacific and Eastern-Pacific Types of El Nino and La Nina Events. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 103, 337-344, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0307-6. [PDF]
  • (2010) Yu., J.-Y., H.-Y. Kao and T. Lee, 2010: Subtropics-Related Interannual Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Equatorial Central Pacific. Journal of Climate, 23, 2869-2884, DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3171.1. [PDF]
  • (2010) Yu., J.-Y. and S. T. Kim, 2010: Identification of Central-Pacific and Eastern-Pacific Types of ENSO in CMIP3 Models, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L15705, doi:10.1029/2010GL044082. [PDF]
  • (2010) Yu., J.-Y. and S. T. Kim, 2010: Three Evolution Patterns of Central-Pacific El Nino, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L08706, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042810. [PDF]* highlighted in "Editors' Highlight" and Eos's "Research Spotlight"
  • (2010) Weng, S.-P. and J.-Y. Yu, 2010: Impacts of Pacific and Indian Ocean Coupling on Wintertime Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation: A Basin-Coupling CGCM Study. International Journal of Climatology, 30, 359-371, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1902. [PDF]
  • (2010) Weng, S.-P. and J.-Y. Yu, 2010: A CGCM study on the northward propagation of tropical intraseasonal oscillation over the Asian summer monsoon regions. Journal of Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 21, 299-312, DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2009.02.18.01(A). [PDF]
  • (2009) Kao, H.-Y. and J.-Y. Yu, 2009: Contrasting Eastern-Pacific and Central-Pacific Types of ENSO. Journal of Climate, 22, 615-632, DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2309.1. [PDF]
  • (2009) Yu., J.-Y., F. Sun, and H.-Y. Kao, 2009: Contributions of Indian Ocean and Monsoon Biases to the Excessive Biennial ENSO in CCSM3. Journal of Climate, 22, 1850-1858, DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2706.1. [PDF]
  • (2009) Sun, F. and J.-Y. Yu, 2009: A 10-15year Modulation Cycle of ENSO Intensity. Journal of Climate, 22, 1718-1735, DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2285.1. [PDF]
  • (2008) Yu, J.-Y., 2008: Understanding El Nino Southern Oscillation and its interactions with the Indian Ocean and monsoon. Book chapter in Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences with Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region, Liou, K N and Chou, M D (Ed.), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 3-22. [PDF]
  • (2007) Yu, J.-Y., 2007 and Matthew A. Janiga: Changes in the In-Phase Relationship Between the Indian and Subsequent Australian Summer Monsoons During the Past Five Decades. Annales Geophysicae, 25, 1929-1933, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-25-1929-2007. [PDF]
  • (2007) Yu, J.-Y. and H.-Y. Kao, 2007: Decadal Changes of ENSO Persistence Barrier in SST and Ocean Heat Content Indices: 1958-2001. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D13106, DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007654. [PDF]
  • (2006) Sun, F. and J.-Y. Yu, 2006: Impacts of Central America gap winds on the SST annual cycle in the eastern Pacific warm pool. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L06710, doi:10.1029/2005GL024700. [PDF]
  • (2005) Yu, J.-Y., 2005: Enhancement of ENSO's persistence barrier by biennial variability in a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L13707, DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023406. [PDF]
  • (2005) Yu, J.-Y. and K. M. Lau, 2005: Contrasting Indian Ocean SST variability with and without ENSO influence: A coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM study. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 90, 179-191. DOI: 10.1007/s00703-004-0094-7. [PDF]
  • (2003) Yu, J.-Y. and W. T. Liu, 2003: A linear relationship between ENSO intensity and tropical instability wave activity in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(14), 1735, DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017176. [PDF]
  • (2003) Yu., J.-Y., S.-P. Weng, and J. D. Farrara, 2003: Ocean Roles in the TBO Transitions of the Indian-Australian Monsoon System. Journal of Climate, 16, 3072-3080, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3072:ORITTT>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (2003) Yu., J.-Y., 2003: Identifications and applications of coupled climate models. Invited article in The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Ed. Achim Sydow, EOLSS Publisher, Oxford, UK, 15pp. [PDF]
  • (2003) Farrara, J. D. and J.-Y. Yu, 2003: Interannual variations in the North American monsoon and SST anomalies: A general circulation model study. Journal of Climate, 16, 1703-1720, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<1703:IVITSU>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (2003) C. R. Mechoso, J. D. Neelin, and J.-Y. Yu, 2003: Testing simple model of ENSO, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 60, 305-318, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<0305:TSMOE>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (2002) Yu, J.-Y. , C. R. Mechoso, J. C. McWilliams, and A. Arakawa, 2002: Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the ENSO cycle. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(8), 1204, doi:10.1029/2001GL014098. [PDF]
  • (2002) Davey, M. K., M. Huddleston, K.R. Sperber, S.B. Power, R.A. Colman, G. Flato, M. Kimoto, L. Terray, D. DeWitt, E. Roeckner, J. Oberhuber, R. Voss, U. Cubasch, T.R. Knutson, S. Manabe, B. Wang, L. Fairhead, H. Le Treut, A. Vintzileos, P. Delecluse, P. Braconnot, I. Yoshikawa, D. Chen, S.E. Zebiak, C. Gordon, C. Cooper, M. Latif, S. Yukimoto, A. Kitoh, F. Bryan, G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, M. Ji, T. Hogan, T. Li, J.-Y. Yu, C. R. Mechoso, 2002: STOIC: A study of coupled GCM climatology and variability in tropical ocean regions. Climate Dynamics, 18, 403-420, doi:10.1007/s00382-001-0188-6.
  • (2001) Yu., J.-Y. and C.R. Mechoso, 2001: A coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM study of the ENSO cycle. Journal of Climate, 14, 2329-2350, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2329:ACAOGS>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (2001) Latif, M. K. Sperber, A. Arblaster, P. Braccanot, D. Chen, A. Colman, U. Cubasch, M. Davey, P. Delecleuse, D. De Witt, L. Fairhead, G. Flato, M. Ji, M. Kimoto, A. Kitoh, T. Knutson, H. Le Treut, S. Manabe, O. Marti, C. Mechoso, G. Meehl, J. Oberhuber, S. Power, E. Roeckner, L. Terray, A. Vintzileos, R. Vob, B. Wang, W. Washington, I. Yoshikawa, J.-Y. Yu, S. Zebiak, 2001: ENSIP: The El Nino Simulation Intercomparison Project. Climate Dynamics, 18, 255-276, , doi:10.1007/s003820100174.
  • (2001) Yu., J.-Y. and R. C. Malone, 2001: A Global High-Resolution UCLA-POP Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean GCM for Assessing Climate and Variability in the Ocean. Proceedings of the Symposium on Climate Variability, the Ocean, and Social Impacts, 14-18 January 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 160-162.
  • (2000) Yu., J.-Y., W. T. Liu, and C.R. Mechoso, 2000: The SST anomaly dipole in the Northern Subtropical Pacific and its relationship with ENSO. Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 1931-1934, doi:10.1029/1999GL011340. [PDF]
  • (2000) Yu., J.-Y., 2000: A general circulation model of the atmosphere using the full-Galerkin method. Journal of Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 52, 427-443. [PDF]
  • (2000) Mechoso, C. R., J.-Y. Yu, and A. Arakawa, 2000: A coupled GCM pilgrimage: From climate catastrophe to ENSO simulations. Book Chapter in General Circulation Model Development: Past, Present, and Future., D. A. Randall, Eds., Academic Press, 539-575.
  • (2000) Mechoso, C. R., J. D. Farrara, L.A. Drummond, J. Spahr and J.-Y. Yu, 2000: An atmosphere-ocean model: Code optimization and application to El Nino. Book Chapter in Development and Application of Computer Techniques to Environmental Studies VIII., D. A. Gabriel Ibarra-Berastegi, C. A. Brebbia and P. Zanetti, Eds, WIT Press, Southampton, Boston, 261-278.
  • (1999) Yu., J.-Y., and C.R. Mechoso, 1999: Links between annual variations of Peruvian stratocumulus clouds and of SSTs in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Journal of Climate, 12, 3305-3318, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1999)012<3305:LBAVOP>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (1999) Yu., J.-Y., and C.R. Mechoso, 1999: A discussion on the errors in the surface heat fluxes simulated by a coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 12, 416-426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1999)012<0416:ADOTEI>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (1997) Yu., J.-Y., C. R. Mechoso, J. D. Farrara, Y.-J. Kim, J.-L. Li, M. Kohler, and A. Arakawa, 1997: Recent development of the UCLA coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM. Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. A. Staniforth, ed., WMO/TD-No. 792, 9.24-9.25.
  • (1995) Yu, J.-Y., and D. L. Hartmann, 1995: Orographic influences on the distribution and generation of atmospheric variability in a GCM. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 52, 2428-2443, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<2428:OIOTDA>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]
  • (1993) Yu, J.-Y., and D. L. Hartmann, 1993: Zonal flow vacillation and eddy forcing in a simple GCM of the atmosphere, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50, 3244-3259, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<3244:ZFVAEF>2.0.CO;2. [PDF]

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