A radiocarbon perspective on Greenland ice-core chronologies: Can we use ice cores for (14)C calibration?
|Title||A radiocarbon perspective on Greenland ice-core chronologies: Can we use ice cores for (14)C calibration?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||1705; absolute; beryllium 10; cal bp; chronology; climate record; gisp2; Keck / AMS Lab; laser-light scattering; north-atlantic; oxygen-isotope; polar ice; Research; yr bp|
Some of the most valuable paleoclimate archives yet recovered are the multi-proxy records from the Greenland GISP2 and GRIP ice cores. The crucial importance of these data arises in part from the strong correlations that exist between the Greenland delta(18)O records and isotopic or other proxies in numerous other Northern Hemisphere paleoclimate sequences. These correlations could, in principle, allow layer-counted ice-core chronologies to be transferred to radiocarbondated paleoclimate archives, thus providing a (14)C calibration for the Last Glacial Maximum and Isotope Stage 3, back to the instrumental limits of the (14)C technique. However, this possibility is confounded by the existence of numerous different chronologies, as opposed to a single (or even a "best") ice-core time scale. This paper reviews how the various chronologies were developed, summarizes the differences between them, and examines ways in which further research may allow a (14)C calibration to be established.